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Joseph Joachim (1831-1907) bei der Lektüre - Mit P.H.R. bezeichnete Fotografie, Bonn, um 1905

Beethoven-Haus Bonn, B 529/a

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Joseph Joachim began his musical studies at an early age in Vienna. His teacher Joseph Böhm (1795-1876) had met Ludwig van Beethoven. Thus Joachim had a direct link to the authentic interpretation of the musical works of Beethoven whom he admired very much. He continued his studies in Leipzig and was soon regarded as one of Europe's most excellent violin virtuosos. Later, Joachim taught at the Leipzig Conservatory and worked as concertmaster in Weimar between 1849 and 1853 where he came into contact with composer Franz Liszt (1811-1886). In 1853 he was named royal concertmaster (concert director in 1859) at the Hannover court. He became director of the newly founded Royal Academy of Music in Berlin in 1868.

Joachim was an important solo and quartet player. He wrote cadenzas for several classical violin concerts as well as violin instructions together with A. Moser. Among the violinists of his time he was regarded as the interpreter par excellence of Beethoven's violin concert. In his performances, Joachim mainly played works by Beethoven. As honorary president of the Beethoven-Haus he influenced the chamber music festivals and thus promoted a Beethoven culture in Bonn. Together with his quartet, Joachim played Beethoven's later string quartets, making them known through interpretations his contemporaries called unsurpassable and thus making them a regular part of concert repertoires.(S.B.)

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