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Sonate für Klavier und Violine (A-Dur) op. 47

Listening samples
1. Adagio sostenuto - Presto (365 kB)
2. Andante con Variazioni I-IV (365 kB)
3. Finale. Presto (365 kB)

Composition
3. Satz: Frühjahr 1802 (urspr. Finale zu Op. 30,1); die anderen Sätze Anfang 1803
dedicated to Rodolphe Kreutzer

The "Kreutzer" Sonata for Piano and Violin op. 47 is not Beethoven's first attempt at the violin sonata genre. Before this he had already written eight sonatas for the same instrumentation. Yet with this sonata, composed in 1802/03, Beethoven created something new, different and unexpected. The difference is reflected in the original titles: the previous sonatas opp. 12, 23, 24 and 30 are still called "Sonatas for Piano with a Violin" or even "For Piano with violin accompaniment". The emphasis is thus clear: piano and violin are de facto already equal partners, yet following the old tradition the piano is consciously named first. With op. 47 this has changed.
The title of the original edition explicitly brings this to the fore, "Sonata per il Pianoforte ed un Violino obligato, scritta in uno stile molto concertante, quasi come d'un concerto." ("Sonata for piano and obligato violin, written in an extremely concertante style, almost like a concerto".) The violin is no longer treated as an accompanying instrument, on the contrary, it is "obligato", indispensable. And even the title expresses the high level of virtuosity which pervades the sonata. For Beethovens contemporaries the sonata was at least unusual, which caused the critic for the Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung to speak of a "strange work" in 1805. He even supposed that one had to be a follower of "aesthetic or artistic terrorism" to be able to enjoy this sonata. (J.R.)

Music manuscripts
Autograph, op. 47, 1. Satz, Partitur, NE 86

First editions
Originalausgabe, op. 47, Stimmen, Simrock, 422, HCB C op. 47
Titelauflage, op. 47, Stimmen, Simrock, 422, C 47 / 21
Titelauflage, op. 47, Stimmen, Simrock, 422; Teilscan, C 47 / 2
Titelauflage, op. 47, Stimmen, Simrock, 422; Teilscan, C 47 / 1
Titelauflage, op. 47, Stimmen, Simrock, 422; Teilscan, C 47 / 22

Scores
Bibliographic data in library catalogue

Written documents
Brief an Nikolaus Simrock in Bonn, Wien, 25. Mai 1803, HCB Br 314
Eigentumsbestätigung und Quittung für Nikolaus Simrock in Bonn, Wien, 3. Februar 1804, HCB Br 221
Brief an Nikolaus Simrock in Bonn, Wien, 4. Oktober 1804, BH 4
Brief an Josephine Deym, Wien, Ende April 1805, HCB BBr 92
Brief an Nikolaus Simrock in Bonn, Wien, kurz vor dem oder am 16. Juli 1805, HCB Br 315
Brief an Nikolaus Simrock in Bonn, Wien, 4. Oktober 1804, HCB Br 319

Pictures
Rodolphe Kreutzer (1766-1831) - Stich von Karl Traugott Riedel nach einer Zeichnung von Antoine Paul Vincent, 1809, B 164/a
Rodolphe Kreutzer (1766-1831) - Aquatintaradierung von Edme Quenedey nach einer eigenen Zeichnung, 1809, B 2001
Ludwig van Beethoven / "Kreutzer-Sonate" - Radierung von Leo Arndt nach einem Gemälde von Lionello Balestrieri, 1901, B 1004
"Ludwig van Beethoven" oder "Kreutzer-Sonate" - Reproduktion einer Radierung von Leo Arndt nach einem Gemälde von Lionello Balestrieri, um 1901, B 2169
"Ludwig van Beethoven" oder "Kreutzer-Sonate" - Reproduktion eines Druckes nach einem Gemälde von Lionello Balestrieri, um 1925, NE 81, Band VIII, Nr. 114
George Augustus Polgreen Bridgetower (1779-1860) - Fotografie einer nicht bezeichneten Miniatur, um 1960, B 915/a

Literature
Bibliographic data in library catalogue

Manuscript sources in other libraries
Österreich, Wien: Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Archiv, Bibliothek und Sammlungen
Polen, Kraków: Biblioteka Jagiellonska
Russland, Moskau: Gosudarstvennyj central'nyi muzej muzykal' noj kul'tury im. M. I. Glinki
USA, New York: The Juilliard School, Lila Acheson Wallace Library and Archives

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E-Mail: bibliothek@beethoven-haus-bonn.de