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Peter Clive: Beethoven and his world. A biographical dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, XI, 490 S. ISBN 0-19-816672-9
Who was Gerhard Kügelgen? Which work did Beethoven dedicate to Friedrich Wilhelm III? What is the "Kunst und Industrie-Comptoir"? The answers are to be found in this successor to Frimmel's Beethoven-Handbuch (1926) with more than 450 short biographies of people surrounding Beethoven: relations, friends and acquaintances, sponsors, publishers, librettists and musicians. The biographical dictionary also offers a very detailed chronology of Beethoven's life.